1600s - 1700s

After the arrival and settlement of Europeans starting in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, a variety of borders and legal statuses impacted the daily lives of most people. In British North America, law professor Kunal Parker notes, "borders were everywhere": between Great Britain and its overseas colonies, between British possessions and those of other European powers, between British possessions and Indian country, between the mainland colonies, between counties and towns within individual colonies, and within counties and towns themselves.

These borders were "enforced against individuals in different ways depending on their legal status." Legal statuses included: British subject, naturalized subject, denizen, alien, servant, redemptioner, convict, married woman, pauper, slave, free white, free black, foreign Indian, and plantation Indian. Immigration laws such as poor laws and slave codes and strategies such as town-splitting worked to curtail and regulate the movement of people depending on their legal statuses.

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Proctor Oral History Interview

Alejandra Proctor

Alex is a senior at the College of Health Solutions. She interviewed her grandmother. Her family roots are in Germany.

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Brent Cheatham

Brent is a junior at the Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College. He interviewed his mother. His family roots are in...

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Carroll Oral History Interview

Kenneth Carroll

Kenneth is a junior at the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. He interviewed his grandfather. His family roots are in Ireland and Azores.

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Kyle Smith

Kyle is a junior at the Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College. He interviewed his mother. His family roots are in Warburg, Germany.

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Lori Garrett

Lori is a sophomore at the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering. She interviewed her grandmother. Her family roots are in England, Germany, and the Netherlands.

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